Are you the type of person that likes to build things out of wood? Whether you are a construction worker or a home wood crafter, you need the right tools to get the job done. One of the most important tools is the power saw.
Yes, you could cut everything by hand, but why? You don’t ride a horse to the store because innovation has brought us cars, and the same goes for cutting wood. We have power saws. There are many types of power saws on the market designed to do specific things, and you want the best tool for the job.
Let’s take a look a the different types of power saws and what they are used for:
Type #1: Table Saws
A table saw is something you will see in a wood worker’s workshop or out on a job site. They have a fixed, circular saw with a blade facing up mounted on a bench or table to provide level support for the material. It is adjustable to both the height and angle depending on the type of cut required, and it rotates at a very high speed.
You feed the material through the saw blade pushing tight against a guide, so the material doesn’t bind against the blade. It is used for ripping and crosscuts on plywood and dimensional lumber. It works well with an additional bench, level with the saw, so your material can continue to feed through.
Type #2: Circular Saws
Everyone has seen a circular saw, but you may know it to be a different name. People call it a skill saw because the “skill saw” was a circular saw invented in the18th century. Regardless of the name, they both are portable cutting devices that use a spinning blade to cut through material like wood and are essentially handheld table saw.
It is very versatile, and you can make various cuts from plywood to dimensional lumber and beyond. It is not a precision tool as you freely handle it, but you can attach a straight edge for a better cut if needed. If you are looking for a recommended brand of circular saws, many people prefer the Dewalt tools for their supreme quality.
Type #3: Mitre Saws
Another saw that utilizes the circular blade mechanism is the mitre saw. It is a portable saw that needs to be placed on a flat surface to operate and cut various dimensional lumber. Different sizes of the blade will dictate the width of the material it can cut.
The blade is mounted on an adjustable arm and swings down onto the lumber as it rotates. It can make several cuts, but it depends on the type of mitre saw you have.
There are different types of mitre saws:
Standard Mitre Saws
It would make straight cuts and mitred cuts. Mitred cuts are created by adjusting the saw to swivel side to side and make cross-cuts at any angle except 90degrees along the width of the material.
Compound Mitre Saws
This saw does everything above and does angled, bevelled and angled bevel cuts by tilting the saw.
Sliding Mitre Saws
You can get a sliding mitre saw in both standard and compound, and it allows you to cut broader material because it has guide rails to move the saw head back and forth.
Type #4: Chop Saws
This types of power saws are similar to a mitre saw, but they are designed for heavier cutting. This saw only makes straight cuts, and it does it very well. Different blades can be put on to cut metal or concrete.
Type #5: Band Saws
A band saw is a wood cutting device with a long, thin metal band with teeth placed around a pulley system to rotate the blade. The blade runs vertical and has a small table to guide your material through and around. A band saw is ideal for cutting circles or odd shapes. You can even stack several pieces of material together for cutting.
Type #6: Jig Saws
This is a small hand-held saw with a short blade driven up and down fast. It saws through the material in any direction and easily turns to follow a pattern. It is for precision cutting, but the thin blade is not designed for heavy work.
7. Other types of saws
The above are six of the most popular types of power saws. However, there are many other models available, each with different features and uses. Other power saws that you will see used frequently are:
Similar to a jug saw but larger and made for heavier, rough cutting through various materials.
This specialized power saw makes intricate cuts and works similar to a band saw but smaller. You can make extremely accurate cuts for toys or wood art.
Radial Arm Saws
A large shop saw that makes wide crosscuts and longer rip cuts. It can mitre and make compound cuts as well.
We all know what a chain saw is. It is the ultimate rough cutter and is handheld for falling and bucking up trees and limbs.
When you want to cut something, it will be with a saw. Understanding the right power you need for the job is essential to safe, happy cutting.